Cave, Henry


Collection date: Apr 1907

Area: Somerset - Mendips (Harptree & Priddy)

Henry Cave (1854-1907): age 52, 17 fiddle tunes – 3 at Coleford on 19 Apr 1907 + 13 at Midsomer Norton 9 Sept 1907 + 1 at Nettlebridge 14 Sept 1907: Sharp described Henry Cave as a ‘first-rate fiddler’ and watched him in action in a pub session: he wrote to his wife Constance on Sunday 15 Sept 1907: ’Had a magnificent evening last night ... at Nettlebridge Inn. The tap room was full but by squashing they managed to clear a space for the dancing. And such dancing! Jigs by the score, broom dances, 4-handed reels and country dances! I never saw such light feet and loose ankles in my life. My old scissor grinding friend (Henry Cave) with a grin all over his face up in the corner and fiddling for all he was worth!’ (CJS1/12/18/10/64 at

Mrs Kettlewell had arrived separately by car that evening and also wrote about the event: ’The fiddler, Cave by name, was perched up in a corner. The room was full of men who faced each other in long rows and as soon as the music struck up began to step dance. They advanced and retired and walked round, and then footed it briskly ... The landlord told me that whenever Korfie was in the neighbourhood, men would flock from far and near for a dance’. ‘Korfie’ (Coffee) was the nickname of famed local step-dancer Alfred Parfitt (see his profile). For full discussion of Henry Cave and Tom Cave, fiddlers, see Philip Heath-Coleman article in Folk Music Journal vol 10 no.2 (2012).

Sharp used two of Henry Cave's tunes in his (first) Country Dance Book, published in Dec 1909. These were: Speed the Plough (FT1484) and The Triumph (FT1362).

Henry Cave (known as Harry) was born in the Dec qr 1854 at Shepton Mallet, eldest son of Thomas Cave. He was baptised aged 3 at Evercreech church on 13/1/1858. Against both their names the vicar wrote ‘Half-gipsy’. Five further siblings were born at Evercreech and the family was settled there in both 1861 and 1871. In the latter census Henry is described as ’16, grinder & cutler’ (ref RG10/2440 f60 p21). Henry cannot be found in subsequent censuses, as it seems he was travelling round the north Somerset villages in a ‘bender’ (hooped canvas shelter) with a handcart and grindstone. It does not appear that Henry married. He died not long after his final meeting with Sharp on 28 December 1907. He had been playing at the Redan Inn, Chilcompton on Boxing Day evening and was ‘quite sober’ when he left at 11pm but was found next morning lying in a ditch nearby. The verdict was ‘heart failure, consequent on exposure’.

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